How are taxes handled in probate?
For federal and state tax purposes, death means two things:
- It marks the date of the close of the decedent’s last tax year for filing an income tax return, and
- It establishes a new, separate entity for tax purposes, the “estate.”
For federal taxes, you may have to fill out and file one or more of the following forms. (It depends on the decedent’s income, the size of the estate, and the income of the estate):
- Final Form 1040 Federal Income Tax return (the decedent’s personal income tax return)
- Form 1041 Federal Fiduciary Income Tax returns for the estate
- Form 709 Federal Gift Tax return(s)
- Form 706 Federal Estate Tax return
For California taxes, the executor must file any needed state income tax return, state fiduciary income tax returns during the probate period, estate tax and gift tax returns.
There may be other taxes, too, like local real estate and personal property taxes, business taxes, and any special state taxes.
The executor must also check for taxes owed for years prior to the decedent’s death.
Other Frequently Asked Questions
- Am I responsible for paying the rest of my deceased spouse’s bill?
- Are holographic wills valid in California?
- Do I have to leave assets to my children equally?
- Do I have to use a lawyer for the probate process?
- Does all property go through probate when a person dies?
- Does an executor or administrator receive compensation?
- Does the Court supervise the personal representative?
- How are taxes handled in probate?
- How can an estate plan avoid a conservatorship?
- How can I find out if there was a Will?
- How can I protect my children?
- How do creditors get paid?
- How long does probate take?
- How much does probate cost?
- How should I prepare to meet with my estate planning attorney?
- How will the debts of the decedent affect the beneficiaries?
- If I am named as executor in a Will, do I have to serve?
- If I establish a revocable living trust, will I lose control over my assets?
- If I serve as executor, will I get paid?
- If I transfer title to real property to my living trust, does the bank have the right to accelerate my mortgage?
- Is a will that was prepared in another state valid in California?
- Is it necessary to amend my will if I wish to bequeath certain assets to specific family members or friends?
- Is it possible to appoint a corporate trustee?
- Is my trust, which has title to my property, immune from lawsuits?
- Is probate necessary?
- Must I transfer all of my assets to my living trust?
- My child is married, and I don’t trust my child’s spouse. In the event they divorce, how can the inheritance be kept separate?
- Should estate planning documents be kept in a safe deposit box at a bank?
- Should I choose simplified probate procedures?
- Should I include a Medi-Cal planning section in my estate plan?
- What are disclaimer trusts and A-B trusts?
- What are the responsibilities of an executor or administrator?
- What does the Personal Representative do?
- What happens if the personal representative fails to perform his or her duty?
- What if someone dies and I have the Will in my possession?
- What if someone objects to the Will?
- What if the decedent owned land in more than one state?
- What if there is no Will or I cannot find a Will?
- What is a durable power of attorney?
- What is a pour-over will?
- What is a self-proving will?
- What is Probate?
- What is the best way to title pay-on-death bank accounts, retirement accounts and life insurance policies?
- What is the purpose of a life insurance trust?
- What would be the outcome if I became mentally disabled, and had no estate plan in place, or only had a will?
- When can a Will be contested?
- Who can and cannot be the personal representative?
- Who can contest a Will?